Cities exist for a good reason. Unfortunately due to the growth of humanity and cities themselves puts nature at risk, endangering an equally vital part of human life. Besides being essential for life on Earth, just as humans need cities to stimulate business and social interaction, nature provides an escape from the pressures that accompany cities. Given the delicate balance, the responsibility falls upon city planners to evaluate and maintain the needs of both people and nature for the mutual well-being of each.
Between 70% and 80% of all people are expected to live in urban areas by 2050.
Smart city planning and urban development strategies are extremely important to make sure there is enough “natural capital” and to avoid excessive human demand that would erode it. Examples include energy-efficient buildings, integrated zoning, compact cities, and effective options for people-powered and public transportation.